A Concise Catalog of Political and Social Events

1799

Napoleon declares publishes a proclamation in which he invites all the Jews of Asia and Africa to gather under his flag in order to re-establish the ancient Jerusalem

1897

Under the direction and organization of Theodor Herzl, the First Zionist Congress is held in Basel, Switzerland from 29 – 31 August

1906

Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann meets with Arthur James Balfour’s electoral campaign to discuss the concept of a Jewish home in Palestine, as opposed to the then-popular Uganda Proposal

1915

With World War I underway, Britain and France forge the Sykes-Picot Agreement to divide up the Ottoman Empire among the Triple Entente in the event of an Allied victory

1916

Chaim Weizmann (L) meets with British Prime Minister David Lloyd George (R) to discuss his aspirations as to the repatriation of the Jews to “the sacred land they had made famous”

1917

General Edmund Allenby captures Jerusalem in December 1917, tightening Britain’s grasp on the Ottoman Empire

UK Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour signs the Balfour Declaration, Expressing His Majesty’s view with “favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish People” on 2 Nov.

1920

After WWI, an international meeting of Allied delegates convenes in San Romero, Italy to deliberate on the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire

1922

After much deliberation, the League of Nations approves the British Mandate of Palestine on 24 July

1929

The Shaw Commission is published and released in the winter of 1929, and details the growing British concern over the Mandate of Palestine

1937

In July, the Peel Commission is published, effectively handing over the British Mandate over to the United Nations

1939

Britain issues the White Paper, placing a stifling limit on Jewish immigration to Palestine, in response to Arab pressure and civil unrest in the area

1947

The UN votes on Resolution 181 for the partition of Palestine: 33 for, 13 against, with 3 abstentions. The resolution passes.

On 15 May, the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine is created to find a solution to the civil unrest in the region and relive the British of their mandate